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                        The Chinese Memorial Stone in the Washington Memorial Monument       ★★★ 【字体:
The Chinese Memorial Stone in the Washington Memorial Monument
作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:4394    更新时间:2008-6-10    
      钦命福建巡抚部院大中丞徐继畬所著《瀛环志略》曰,“按,华盛顿,异人也。起事勇於胜广,割据雄於曹刘。既已提三尺剑,开疆万里,乃不僭位号,不传子孙,而创为推举之法,几於天下为公,骎骎乎三代之遗意。其治国崇让善俗,不尚武功,亦迥与诸国异。余尝见其画像,气貌雄毅绝伦。呜呼!可不谓人杰矣哉。”“米利坚合众国以为国,幅员万里,不设王侯之号,不循世及之规,公器付之公论,创古今未有之局,一何奇也!泰西古今人物,能不以华盛顿为称首哉!”  
 
      大清国浙江宁波府镌 耶稣教信辈立石
      咸丰三年六月初七日 合众国传教士识”
 
      华盛顿纪念塔内每个台阶高1英尺,每登转折的10加10个台阶,有一个平台算是一层。我国赠送的这块花岗岩石碑,高约130厘米,宽约105厘米,被嵌在第十层平台西壁中部,即200多英尺的高度,是塔内嵌的190方铸文、石刻中最大的纪念石。
 
      五台方闻先生(1901-1996)在《清徐松龛先生继畬年谱》中记载:“六十五年(1976)春笔者幼子方预由美京华盛顿国家公园管理处检视华盛顿纪念塔中徐文碑原卷,摄得中文原拓及英译照片原文,分赠友好。六十五年夏笔者长子方新细阅其弟方预寄来华盛顿纪念塔内之中英文暨附说明原件复印件,加以迻译,其附记为:石碑刻字及边缘雕饰,增加本石碑之趣味及意义。其浮雕中有僧侣、龙、斗士及精致花纹,实属难得。今据方新言:碑文原为一八六二年(同治元年)五月由Dr. Peter Parker所译,其中音译人名,均不合现代国语发音。兹依Wade拼音改正。又其中“三尺剑”(Three—Foot Falchion)误为四足剑(Four Footed Falchion)。“三代之遗意”中“遗意”一词,应为“tradition”或“spirit”而非“sentiment”;均应更正。兹附方新所作更正表及原译全文、更正全文”。现知最早译这篇汉字碑文的Dr. Peter Parker (1804-1889),伯驾,美国外交官,1834年来华在广州创办眼科医院传教,1844年就美国驻华使馆职,1857年辞职返美。他和方新先生的译文都是宝贵史料,但对徐文中的某些微妙意思还未体现出来。笔者1997年3月访美前重新翻译,为了省钱,请人连同邢补生先生临摹的碑文等,激光打印在小片纸上,字母和汉字分别只有小米、绿豆大小,散发给参加纪念徐继畬仪式的中美人士。很懊悔这种吝啬之举给对资料感兴趣的人士造成困难。台北《新闻镜周刊》将临摹碑文放大登载,字迹模糊;克林顿总统的助手,大约是用放大镜才看清这篇译文的。克氏修改了一些单词,如wonderful 原译为peculiar。有些段落还可参考后面转用的纽约时报当年刊登的PEET先生1850 年的翻译。这位PEET先生可能就是伯驾,译法却判若两人。下面是碑文的三种译文:
 
 
TranslationⅠof Inscription of the Chinese Memorial Stone
in the Washington Memorial Monument, Washington, D.  C
         Translated by Dr. Peter Parker, May, 1862
 
Su-Ki-Yu, by imperial appointment, Lieutenant governor of the Province of Fu Chien, in his Universal Geography, says:
"It is evident that Washington was a remarkable man. In devising plans he was more decided than Chin-Sing and Wu-Kang; in winning a country he was braver than Tsau Tsau or Lin Pi. Wielding his four-footed falchion, he extended the frontiers thousands of miles, and then refused to usurp the regal dignity or transmit it to his posterity, but first established rules for an elective administration. Where in the world can be found such a public sentiments? Truly, the traditions of the three dynasties have all at once unexpectedly appeared in our day. In ruling the state he promoted and fostered good customs, and did not depend on military merit. In this he differed from all other nations. I have seen his portrait; his air and form are grand and imposing in a remarkable degree. Ah, who would not call him a hero? ''
 
"The United States of America regard it promotive of national virtue generally and extensively neither to establish titles of nobility and royalty nor to conform to the age, as respects customs and public influence, but instead deliver over their own public deliberations and inventions, so that the like of such a nation—one so remarkable—does not exist in ancient or modern times. Among the people of the Great West, can any man, in ancient or modern times, fail to pronounce Washington peerless?"
 
This stone is presented by a company of Christians and engraved at Ning Po, in the Province of Che Keang, China, this third year of the reign of the Emperor He-en Fung, sixth month and seventh day.
 
 
TranslationⅡof inscription of the Chinese Memorial Stone
in the Washington Memorial Monument Washing ton, D. C.
Translated by Fang Xin, 1976
 
 Hsu Chi-yu, by Imperial appointment, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Fu Chien, in his UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY, says:
 "It is evident that Washington was a remarkable man. In devising plans he was more decided than Chen Sheng and Wu Kwang; in winning a country he was braver than Tsau Tsau or Liu Pei. Wielding his three-foot falchion, he extended the frontiers thousands of miles, and then refused to usurp the regal dignity or transmit it to his posterity, but first established rules for an elective administration. Where in the world can be found such a public spirit? Truly, the traditions of the Three Dynasties have all at once unexpectedly appeared in our day. In ruling the state he promoted and fostered good customs, and did not depend on military merit. In this he differed from all other nations. I have seen his portrait; his air and form are grand and imposing in a remarkable degree.  Ah, who would not call him a hero?"
 
"The United States of America regard it promotive of national virtue generally and extensively neither to establish titles of nobility and royalty nor to conform to the age, as respects customs and public influence, but instead deliver over their own public deliberations and inventions, so that the like of such a nation—one so remarkable—does not exist in ancient or modern times. Among the people of the Great West, Can any man, in ancient or modern times, fail to pronounce Washington peerless?"
 
This stone is presented by a company of Christians and engraved at Ning Po, in the Province of Che Chiang, China, this third year of the reign of the Emperor Hsien Fung, sixth month and seventh day.
 
Translation Ⅲ of Inscription of the Chinese Memorial Stone
in the Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
Translated By Fuxing Ren, March,1997
 
Xu Jiyu,by Imperial appointment, Governor of the Province of Fujian, in his Yinghuan Zhilue (universal geography) says:
"As for Washington,he was an extraordinary man. In raising a  revolt, he was more courageous than Chen Sheng or Wu Guang. In carrying out an occupation, he was braver than Cao Cao or Liu Bei. Wielding his three—foot falchion, he extended the frontiers thousands of miles, he did not assume the throne and was unwilling to begin a line of succession. Moreover he invented a method of selection. This came near Confucian ideal,the world is shared by people. Truly, the traditions of the Three Dynasties (Yao, Shun, Yu) have all at once unexpectedly appeared in our day. He governed his state with reverence and respected good customs. He did not esteem military achievement. He was very different from the rulers of other states. I have seen his portrait. His bearing is imposing and excellent. Ah! Can he not be called a hero?
 
"The United States of America compose by many states, the size is very vast. This country neither established titles of nobility and royalty, nor created a hereditary system, state affairs are put to the vote of public opinion. This created a new political situation, unprecedented from ancient times to the present. How wonderful it is! Of all the famous Westerners of ancient and modern times, can Washington be placed in any position but first?"
 
The Monument is presented by the Government of Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China; and by Christian missionaries of the United States in Ningbo.
The third year of the reign of the Emperor Xianfeng, sixth month and seventh day (July12, 1853 A.D.).
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